General Knowledge Part-13

Bangladesh War of
Independence , or simply the Liberation War in
Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed
conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali
nationalist and self-determination movement
in East Pakistan and the 1971 Bangladesh
genocide . It resulted in the independence of
the People's Republic of Bangladesh . The war
began after the Pakistani military junta based
in West Pakistan launched Operation
Searchlight against the people of East
Pakistan on the night of 25 March 1971. It
pursued the systematic elimination of
nationalist Bengali civilians, students,
intelligentsia, religious minorities and armed
personnel. The junta annulled the results of
the 1970 elections and arrested Prime
Minister-elect Sheikh Mujibur Rahman .
Rural and urban areas across East Pakistan
saw extensive military operations and air
strikes to suppress the tide of civil
disobedience that formed following the 1970
election stalemate. The Pakistan Army
created radical religious militias – the
Razakars, Al-Badr and Al-Shams – to assist it
during raids on the local populace. [11][12]
[13] Members of the Pakistani military and
supporting militias engaged in mass murder,
deportation and genocidal rape. The capital
Dhaka was the scene of numerous massacres,
including the Dhaka University killings . An
estimated 10 million Bengali refugees fled to
neighbouring India, while 30 million were
internally displaced. [14] Sectarian violence
broke out between Bengalis and Urdu-
speaking immigrants . An academic consensus
prevails that the atrocities committed by the
Pakistani military were a genocide .

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