General Knowledge Part-15

India joined the war on 3 December 1971,
after Pakistan launched preemptive air strikes
on North India. The subsequent Indo-Pakistani
War witnessed engagements on two war
fronts. With air supremacy achieved in the
eastern theatre and the rapid advance of the
Allied Forces of Bangladesh and India,
Pakistan surrendered in Dacca on 16
December 1971.
The war changed the geopolitical landscape
of South Asia, with the emergence of
Bangladesh as the seventh-most populous
country in the world. Due to complex regional
alliances, the war was a major episode in Cold
War tensions involving the United States, the
Soviet Union and the People's Republic of
China. The majority of member states in the
United Nations recognised the Bangladeshi
republic in 1972.
The British took control of the region from the
late 18th century. The company consolidated
their hold on the region following the Battle of
Plassey in 1757 and Battle of Buxar in 1764
and by 1793 took complete control of the
region. Kolkata (or Calcutta) served for many
years as the capital of British controlled
territories in India . The early and prolonged
exposure to British administration resulted in
the expansion of Western education,
culminating in development of science,
institutional education, and social reforms in
the region, including what became known as
the Bengali renaissance . A hotbed of the
Indian independence movement through the
early 20th century, Bengal was divided during
India's independence in 1947 along religious
lines into two separate entities: West Bengal—
a state of India—and East Bengal —a part of
the newly created Dominion of Pakistan that
later became the independent nation of
Bangladesh in 1971.

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